In Romans, Paul talks about how to deal with our enemies and those who have wronged us. Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him. the future; all which may be considered as a prevailing motive to Paul's counsel to the congregation in Rome (Romans 12:17-20; 13:8-10) is clearly in line with what Jesus taught.He insists that we must never allow vindictiveness, the desire to get even with someone for a suffered wrong, to drive us. Thou shalt heap ... - Coals of fire are doubtless emblematical of "pain." Proud member (q) R. Levi ben Gersom in loc. “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink. Provide things honest in the sight of all men. 147. if he thirst give him drink; which includes all offices of humanity and beneficence to be performed unto them: the reason, or argument inducing hereunto is. After discussing how God has gifted various church members with faith appropriate for different roles … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 12:9-21" God's people to act the generous part they are here moved to: in In Context Parallel Compare Romans 12:20. ἀλλὰ : On the contrary, as opposed to self-avenging, and even to the merely passive resignation of one’s case to God. Romans 12:20 is one of those somewhat ambiguous passages that is difficult to understand - not because we don't like what it says, but because there are genuine questions about the nature of the activity which is mentioned. Romans 12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a … Romans 12:20 KJV Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. On this principle God is acting continually. of this passage by some of the Jewish commentators on it agrees Vengeance of evil belongs to God, and we must never take from the Lord what is rightfully His. Don’t let evil get the best of you; get the best of evil by doing good. unto them, as Christ directs, ( Matthew 5:44 The business about "heap [ing] burning coals upon his head," in both Proverbs and Romans, is a metaphor, like having egg on one's face. encouragement, "and the Lord shall reward thee". 2. Among the Arabs and Hebrews the figure of "coals of fire" is common as a symbol of divine punishment (Psalm 18:13). These words are taken from ( Proverbs 25:21 Proverbs 25:22 ) , and to be understood, as a Jewish F15 writer observes, ( wemvmk) , according to "their literal sense"; though some of the Rabbins explain them in an allegorical way, of the corruption of nature. Passage. not to do him hurt, not to aggravate his condemnation, as if this This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. Romans 12:20. In a few short, crisp verses Paul sums up all that is necessary to live a life that is pleasing to the Lord and in verse 12 we are encouraged to Rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer. Paul’s choice of this metaphor is explained by the context of Romans 12. Perhaps it is better to take it, that kindness is as effectual as coals of fire. The sense given observes, (wemvmk) , meditating revenge upon their enemies, that they should do good 20 Therefore if thine enemie hunger, feed him: if he thirst, giue him drink. done to his benefactor, and he be filled with shame on account of Romans 12:20 Context 17Recompense to no man evil for evil. Tzeror The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. version, reads "but if"; so far should the saints be from In such a case, it is never good to claim that there is … ROMANS 12:20 I went to see this film at a screening last week and like everyone present I was just blown away with how good it is. These words are taken from ( Proverbs For in so doing thou shalt heape coales of fire on his head. NKJV, Abide Bible, Red Letter Edition, Comfort Print: Holy Bible, New King James Version. Alive to God. be an inducement to the saints to do such acts of kindness; which explain them in an allegorical way, of the corruption of nature. The Alexandrian copy and some others, and the Vulgate Latin The mistaken philosophy influences our world, too. Burning coals heaped on a man's head would be expressive of intense agony. them. This is a prayer to God from an individual who is being attacked by evildoers. Romans 12:17-20. What Does “You Will Heap Burning Coals upon His Head” Mean in Romans 12.20? 25:21 Proverbs (o) Jarchi in Proverbs 25.21. performed unto them: the reason, or argument inducing hereunto Romans 12:20, “BUT IF YOUR ENEMY IS HUNGRY, FEED HIM, AND IF HE IS THIRSTY, GIVE HIM A DRINK; FOR IN SO DOING YOU WILL HEAP BURNING COALS ON HIS HEAD.” In Romans 12:20, except for the alla at the beginning of the verse, Paul is quoting exactly from … BAFTA winning film writer Geoff Thompson puts pen to paper again for a 27 minute short film about a very personal real life event from his youth. In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head.” Romans 12:20. F19 Ad Atheniens. It is not human nature, bad as it is; and if Christians would meet all unkindness with kindness, all malice with benevolence, and all wrong with right, peace would soon pervade the community, and even opposition to the gospel might soon die away. them, and be brought to repentance for them, and to love the 25:22 ) , and to be understood, as a Jewish F15 writer But the idea here is not that in so doing we shall call down divine vengeance on the man; but the apostle is speaking of the natural effect or result of showing him kindness. It must therefore intimate, in how tender a manner mankind in general are affected with favours received from one who has been considered as an enemy. Proverbs adds "and the LORD will reward you"; Paul adds the implied general practical maxim, "Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good," of which Rom. F17 R. Levi ben Gersom in loc. S. Hre Kio. The former of these Julian the emperor represents (r) as a "paradox", though he owns it to be lawful, and a good action, to give clothes and food to enemies in war; and the latter, to revenge an injury, he says (s), is a law common to all men, Greeks and Barbarians; but the Gospel and the grace of God teach us another lesson. Thomas De Quincey, referring to an author who calls this "a fiendish idea," says: "I acknowledge that to myself, in one part of my boyhood, it did seem a refinement of malice. 18 If it be possible, as much as lyeth in you, liue peaceably with all men. 1. p. 533. 12:17-21 Since men became enemies to God, they have been very ready to be enemies one to another. Retail: $39.99. And they are not heaped on the head in blessing, but in judgment. What does Romans 12:21 mean? xxv. 20 On the contrary: “If your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink. In doing this, you will heap burning coals on his head.” 21 Do not be overcome by evil, but overcome evil with good. If a man can be brought to reflection and true repentance, it should be done. Romans 12:20 Therefore G3767 if G1437 thine G4675 enemy G2190 hunger G3983 , feed G5595 him; G846 if G1437 he thirst G1372 , give G4222 him G846 drink G4222 : for G1063 in so G5124 doing G4160 thou shalt heap G4987 coals G440 of fire G4442 on G1909 his G846 head. Answers (2) Discuss (2) Community answers are sorted based on … This, however, might be open to the objection that the enemy's pain might gratify the instinct of revenge. Just as Paul cannot help breaking out in poetic tribute to love in his famous love chapter, 1 Corinthians 13, after beginning the subject of spiritual gifts in 1 Corinthians 12, so also he does the same in Romans 12. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. KJV: King James Version Vid. Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. ἐὰν πεινᾷ κ . p. 501. for in so doing, thou shalt heap coals of fire on his in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head—As the heaping of "coals of fire" is in the Old Testament the figurative expression of divine vengeance (Ps 140:10; 11:6, &c.), the true sense of these words seems to be, "That will be the most effectual vengeance—a vengeance under which he will be fain to bend" (So Alford, Hodge, &c.). All rights reserved. which includes all offices of humanity and beneficence to be But the pain will result from shame, remorse of conscience, a conviction of the evil of his conduct, and an apprehension of divine displeasure that may lead to repentance. The article offers the author's insights on a biblical passage from the book of Romans which emphasized holiness as one of the goals of the Christian life. // Grand Saline Sun (TX);6/26/2008, Vol. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] Romans 12 is very much a description of what it means to lead the life of a living sacrifice to God. 18If it be possible, as much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men. for in so doing, thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head; not to do him hurt, not to aggravate his condemnation, as if this would be a means of bringing down the wrath of God the more fiercely on him, which is a sense given by some; as if this would be an inducement to the saints to do such acts of kindness; which is just the reverse of the spirit and temper of mind the apostle is here cultivating; but rather the sense is, that by so doing, his conscience would be stung with a sense of former injuries done to his benefactor, and he be filled with shame on account of them, and be brought to repentance for them, and to love the person he before hated, and be careful of doing him any wrong for the future; all which may be considered as a prevailing motive to God's people to act the generous part they are here moved to: in the passage referred to, Proverbs 25:21, "bread" and "water" are mentioned as to be given, which include all the necessaries of life: and it is added for encouragement, "and the Lord shall reward thee". My subtilizing habits, however, even in those days, soon suggested to me that this aggravation of guilt in the object of our forgiveness was not held out as the motive to the forgiveness, but as the result of it; secondly, that perhaps no aggravation of his guilt was the point contemplated, but the salutary stinging into life of his remorse hitherto sleeping" ("Essays on the Poets"). (1) That the way to promote "peace" is to do good even to enemies. If thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: Thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head; Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap, ἄνθρακας πυρὸς σωρεύς, painful shame and remorse wilt thou prepare for him, Thou wilt bring upon him severe divine punishment, Non dicat peccator se non peccasse; quoniam carbones ignis comburet super caput ejus, qui dicit: non peccavi coram Domino Deo et gloria ipsius, thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head, ὁ δὲ Κύριος ΑΝΤΑΠΟΔΩΣΕΙ σοι ἀγαθά, ἐπὶ τὴν κεφαλὴν αὐτοῦ, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Romans 12:20 in all English translations. He says many wise things about dealing with others in this passage: Do not repay anyone evil for evil. 1 - Bodies In the Greek culture of Paul's day the mind was considered independent of the body.It was thought to be pure and the body, naturally evil. τ . He does good to all, even to the rebellious; and he designs that his goodness should lead people to repentance; Romans 2:4. Romans 12:20 Context. Many explain: The memory of the wrong awakened in your enemy by your kindness, shall sting him with penitence. thirsty: if he thirst give him drink; Paul quotes this passage again in Romans 12:20, and it is probable that neither passage is speaking of literal coals. Romans 12:20. F15 Jarchi in Prov. Romans 12:20-21 The Message (MSG) 20-21 Our Scriptures tell us that if you see your enemy hungry, go buy that person lunch, or if he’s thirsty, get him a drink. Thou shalt heap, &c,— The sense cannot be, thou shalt consume him and bring judgments upon him; for that would be applying to revenge, and building upon it, while it is most expressly forbidden. Ro 12:21 confirms this. Romans 12v19 Do not take revenge, my dear friends, but leave room for God’s wrath, for it is written: “It is mine to avenge; I will repay,” says the Lord. 1. p. inter opera, par. head; is here cultivating; but rather the sense is, that by so doing, ) , by feeding them when hungry, and giving drink unto them when p. 501. fiercely on him, which is a sense given by some; as if this would The reasonable thing, the rational thing, the smart thing is to just turn my life and decision-making factors of my life over to God that He might direct my life, and thus, presenting my body unto God as a living sacrifice, that"s reasonable, that"s smart, that"s just good thinking, and anything less is unreasonable. So the apostle says that the "effect" of doing good to an enemy would be to produce pain. (y) In this manner Solomon points out the wrath of God which hangs over a man. 2. 533. To do this, is not only perfectly right, but it is desirable. If we're honest with ourselves, it sounds very difficult. Hammor, fol. 147. B. (3) if people would act on the principles of the gospel, the world would soon be at peace. Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. Morris, J. Social Media; Email; Share Access; Share this article via social media. Salem Media Group. 25:22 ) , "bread" and "water" are mentioned as to be given, Text: Comments.1 ¶ I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable [rational] service. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Romans 12:20-21 KJV Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. No man would suffer himself many times to be overwhelmed in this way with coals of fire. Romans 12:20, ESV: "To the contrary, “if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him something to drink; for by so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.”" Romans 12:20, KJV : "Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head." ((r) Fragment. What does this verse really mean? Your generosity will surprise him with goodness. Our Price: $27.99 Save: $12.00 (30%) Buy Now. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. is just the reverse of the spirit and temper of mind the apostle is. In regard to this passage we may remark. F18 Fragment. Vengeance is the sacred premise of God, and a day is coming when He will judge the world, and all the evil acts perpetrated on His people, in righteousness. See on sop, John 13:26. Romans 12:20 Translation & Meaning. his conscience would be stung with a sense of former injuries Vid. 112 Issue 26, p6 . "The Arabians call things which cause very acute mental pain, burning coals of the heart and fire in the liver" (Thayer, "Lexicon"). F16 R. Aben Ezra in loc. λ . His trust is not in his own ability to defend himself, but rather in God, who maintains the cause of the afflicted and who protects the poor. He entreated the Romans, as his brethren in Christ, by the mercies of God, to present their bodies as a … Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. The citation from Proverbs 25:21, Proverbs 25:22, closely follows both Hebrew and Septuagint. Clarify • Share • Report • Asked February 04 2017 • Tito Dulay Lim. Bible Gateway Recommends. Romans 12:20. The sense given of this passage by some of the Jewish commentators on it agrees with what has been observed in some measure; says one (p) of them, "when he remembers the food and drink thou hast given him, thou shall burn him, as if thou puttest coals upon his head to burn him, , and "he will take care of doing thee any ill";'', that is, for the time to come: and another of them observes (q) that, "this matter will be hard unto him, as if thou heapest coals on his head to burn him, , "because of the greatness of his shame", on account of the good that he shall receive from thee, for the evil which he hath rendered to thee.''. which include all the necessaries of life: and it is added for This advice of showing kindness to enemies, and against private revenge, is very contrary to the dictates of human nature, as corrupted by sin. The Bible Translator 2000 51: 4, 418-424 Share. 19 Dearely beloued, auenge not your selues, but rather giue place vnto wrath: for it is written, Uengeance is mine, I will repay, saith the Lord. Recompense to no man evil for evil. Romans 12:20 NIV - On the contrary: “If your enemy is - Bible Gateway. Your motive in doing the good deeds is not to increase your enemy’s judgment, but prayerfully to bring him to repentance. 12:20a ("if your enemy is hungry, feed him; if he is thirsty, give him drink") is just one example. (2) the way to bring a man to repentance is to do him good. NKJV - 20 Therefore "If your enemy is hungry, feed him; If he is thirsty, give him a drink; For in so doing you will heap coals of fire on his head. So the meaning of Romans 12:20 would be that if you do good toward your enemy and he doesn’t repent, you can rest assured that God will one day redress your wrong by bringing severe judgment on your enemy. according to "their literal sense"; though some of the Rabbins In so doing - It does not mean that we are to do this "for the sake" of heaping coals of fire on him, but that this will be the result. Share. And those that embrace religion, must expect to meet with enemies in a world whose smiles seldom agree with Christ's. of (s) Ad Atheniens. person he before hated, and be careful of doing him any wrong for 25:21 Proverbs Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him (Read Romans 12:1,2) The apostle having closed the part of his epistle wherein he argues and proves various doctrines which are practically applied, here urges important duties from gospel principles. Tzeror Hammor, fol. Romans 12:20 “But if your enemy is hungry, feed him, and if he is thirsty, give him a drink; for in so doing you will heap burning coals on his head.” NKJV Word Study Bible: 1,700 Key Words that Unlock the Meaning of the Bible. (p) R. Aben Ezra in loc. The author reflects on the biblical meaning of being alive to God based on Romans 6:12-23. He is addressing the proper response of a Christian when treated wrongly. 21. would be a means of bringing down the wrath of God the more People will resist wrath, anger, and power; but "goodness" they cannot resist; it finds its way to the heart; and the conscience does its work, and the sinner is overwhelmed at the remembrance of his crimes. with what has been observed in some measure; says one F16 of Most of Paul's bullet-point commands in the previous verses have to do with setting ourselves aside. inter opera, par. Romans 12:20. the passage referred to, ( Proverbs