It means to judge things on the basis of externals or preconceived notions. Сие предназначено для удостоверения его любви. (Vincent p. 112). The very element of truth renders the mind self-conceited and unsparing, and the corrective and restraining part of the truth is over-ridden and disregarded. A preacher might get at this very challenging text from one of two directions. For as many as have sinned without law will also perish without law, and as many as have sinned in the law will be judged by the law (for not the hearers of the law are just in the sight of God, but the doers of the law will be justified; a. .” as opposed to “that if you. So had Latimer before his conversion: I was as obstinate a Papist, saith he, as any was in England: insomuch that when I should be made Bachelor in Divinity, my whole oration went against Philip Melancthon and his opinions, &c. Being a priest, and using to say mass, he thought he had never sufficiently mingled his massing wine with water: and moreover that he should never be dammed, if he were once a professed friar; with various such superstitious fantasies. For I bear them record, that they have a zeal of God,.... A zeal for God; for the being and unity of God, against the polytheism and idolatry of the Gentiles; for the word of God, the writings of the Old Testament, of which they were zealous defenders and preservers, and which they diligently read and heard explained, and whereby they thought to obtain eternal life; for the law of God, moral and ceremonial, especially for the rituals of the Mosaic economy; for the service and worship of God, they spared no pains, but compassed sea and land to bring in proselytes to their religion; all which the apostle could testify from his own knowledge, and by his own experience, who had been as great a zealot as any of them all. As to the object of our zeal, it must be that which is certainly and considerably good: certainly good, or else we are zealous for we know not what; and considerably good, or else it doth not deserve our zeal. It is but a partial reference. But not according to knowledge. 2:9 and Isa. Romans 1:28 Commentary. Ver. A zeal of God; zeal for God; great zeal in religion. We must here again (comp. They are deeply devoted to God. Paul acknowledged that the Jews had a zeal of God, and so far he approved of them, and was on that account the more interested in their behalf. We may remark here, that Paul was not insensible to what the Jews did, and was not unwilling to give them credit for it. Monotheism by its very conscious truth took firm hold of the Jew’s conscience; and then, strangely for that truth, as Paul knew by experience, he could be a knave, a persecutor, and a bloody brigand. For I bear them witness that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. Chapter 5. John Piper Aug 31, 2003 18 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Learn more about Desiring God Desiring God. . As if the apostle had said, "I can bear them witness that many, very many, of the Jews, have a zealous desire in their way to please God, and do what is acceptable in his sight; but though it be a warm, it is but a blind zeal, and not according to right knowledge.". Sanday's quotation from Josephus stresses this character of the Jews, thus: It would take volumes and libraries to recount the heroic zeal of the Jews which finally culminated in the bloody sorrow of Masada, where Eleazar ben Yair made his courageous stand against the Tenth Legion of Rome. Again, zeal must be prosecuted by lawful and warrantable means; we must not from a principle of zeal do any evil, that good may come. This would be an instance of extraordinary zeal, and in this they would be sincere; but persecution to death of apostles cannot be true religion; see also Matthew 23:15; Acts 26:9, "I thought that I ought to do," etc. to our shame, have knowledge without zeal. For there is no partiality with God: The word translated partiality comes from two ancient Greek words put together – to receive and face. . When its object is evil, it is proud, censorious, and cruel. Later he caused to be hung up in the palace at Jerusalem certain gilded shields bearing a dedicatory inscription to Tiberius. but not according to knowledge: it was not well regulated, it proceeded on mistaken principles, and moved in a wrong way, in persecuting the church of God, in doing things contrary to the name of Christ, in putting to death his ministers and members, thinking that hereby they did God good service; which arose from their ignorance of their Father, and of the Son: though they had a zeal of God, they knew neither God nor Christ aright; they did not know God in Christ, nor Jesus to be the true Messiah; they understood neither law nor Gospel truly, and fancied the Gospel was contrary to the law, and an enemy to it; and therefore in their great zeal opposed it, and the professors of it; they were zealous of the law, and of doing the commands of it, but knew not the true nature, use, and end of the law; as appears by what follows. . 2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. martureo. Romans 10. Title Page. Paul prayed for "very zealous people", why? Brethren, my heart’s desire and prayer to God for Israel is that they may be saved. Monotheism, the maintenance of the doctrine of one God, as opposed to polytheism and idolatry, was the great mission bestowed on Israel in the Old Testament. Paul and Israel both had zeal for God, but it was zeal that lacked knowledge, knowledge that Jesus is the Messiah ( 1 Timothy 1:13). Chapter 13. (320). Not what was founded on correct views of God and of religious truth. . Comp. Rev., zeal for God. . The reason for his desire and prayer is the fact to which he now bears his testimony. It is a good thing when it is right in its object, right in the measure and degree, and pursued by right means. What made the loss of Israel so tragic was the fact that they were actually a very zealous and God-fearing people, superior in every way to the Gentiles, whose godlessness was the shame of all nations. ForI bear them record, that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. (2) Paul quotes some of the Deuteronomy passage, but not all of it. ревность по Боге Проявляющаяся в законническом поведении и яростном противлении оппонентам иудаизма (Деян. [2] Yigael Yadin, Masada (New York: Random House, 1966), p. 12. Such zeal is enthusiasm, and often becomes persecuting. But their very monotheism grew fierce and malignant. His salvation, it is supposed, is not endangered by his ignorance or error. 2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. A zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. For I testify about them that they have a zeal for God, but not in accordance with knowledge. Read Introduction to Romans 2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge.. 2 For I bear them witness . A zeal of God - A zeal for God. Commentary on Romans by John Calvin, 1509-1564. See on Romans 1:28; see on Romans 3:20. Ironically it was Israel"s zeal that set her up for failure. Each approach comes with its own difficulties. Romans 10:2. 1. They have a zeal of God] So had those two Rabbis, David Rubenita and Shelomoh Molchu, that set upon the Emperor Charles v. to persuade him to Judaism, and were therefore put to a cruel death, A. D. 1530. God, but not according to knowledge—(Compare Ac 22:3; 26:9-11; Ga 1:13, 14). Part of the author's interpretation follows a liberal position. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Romans 12:1-2. For I bear them witness. Zeal and ignorance are referred to at Romans 10:19. ‘I desire their salvation, for they themselves are far from being unconcerned as to divine things.' 2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. Chron.) You can find the best commentary on Romans for … Contains good illustrative material. For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according to knowledge. [⇑ See verse text ⇑] In the previous verse, Paul revealed his desire and prayer that the Jewish people would be saved by coming to faith in Christ. to our shame, have knowledge without zeal. Romans 10:2. (McGarvey p. 420), "An unbelieving Jew could interpret his opposition to the gospel..as zeal for the divinely-given rule of life, and his opposition to the crucified Messiah as zeal for the divinely-given promises. Commentary on Romans 2:1-16 (Read Romans 2:1-16) The Jews thought themselves a holy people, entitled to their privileges by right, while they were unthankful, rebellious, and unrighteous. . Away then with these vain evasions as to good intention; if we seek God sincerely, let us follow the way by which alone we can come to him. They know not for what end the law and worship of God, under the Old Testament, was instituted. Ибо существовала справедливая причина, почему он должен был скорее сострадать им, нежели их ненавидеть. We can see this in their reactions to the Messiah, Jesus the Christ. 19:5-6. How naturally would a zeal for such objects make men place religion in the observance of external rites; and be connected with pride, censoriousness, and a persecuting spirit. . I bear them record; I freely and openly testify. WILLIAM BARCLAY Commentary on Romans Daily Study Bible. The Word of Faith Brings Salvation. It kept him from believing on Christ too (cf. In this verse Paul justifies his so lively interest in the lot of the Jews, expressed in Romans 10:1. And at that very time what an admirable attachment did they show to the ceremonies of their worship and the adoration of Jehovah! Two points are noteworthy about Paul's comments. Right zeal will be in accordance with truth and duty; holy in character, kind in spirit, and useful in tendency. PRESENT YOUR BODIES A LIVING SACRIFICE. Zeal for God here means passionate ardor in the things pertaining to God, or in the things of religion. For I bear them record - To bear record means to be a witness; to give evidence. Chapter 12. "He seems to be alluding to his conduct of former days, and to say, 'I know something of it, of that zeal'" (Godet). 2. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, For I bear them record, that they have a zeal of God, I bear witness to them that they have a zeal for God, "a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge". i. Romans 10: Bible Study, Commentary and Summary | Jack Wellman They have failed to discern the true meaning and the true scope of the legal dispensation; they are ardently attached to all its particular rites, but they have not grasped their moral end. . Rom. How fitting it was that Paul should have here paid his tribute to the nobility and zeal of that wonderful people who were, until they rejected the Christ, God's chosen people. Over and above the requirements of the Law, ascetic religious exercises advocated by the teachers of the Law came into vogue. Not’ knowledge—The fiercer the zeal, even for truth, when not regulated by the real principles of truth, the worse its excesses. Romans 4:6-8. . 9:33 and Isa. Ведь знал он, что пали они лишь из-за своего неведения, а не по порочности души. . Romans 9:1-5) was this religious zeal, which degenerated into blind fanaticism. 10 Brothers, my heart's desire and prayer to God for them is that they may be saved. . И наоборот, видя, как погибают те, кто блуждает в потемках, ссылаясь на благие намерения, согласимся, что и сами мы достойны будем тысячи смертей, ежели, просвещенные Богом, намеренно отклонимся с Его пути. The remnant who returned were the earnest few, who never again relapsed. . (Proverbs 16:25). For I bear them witness. Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Frédéric Louis Godet - Commentary on Selected Books, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, William Godbey's Commentary on the New Testament, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. Of that zeal of his he speaks elsewhere: his zeal for the ancestral traditions of his people impelled him to forge ahead of his contemporaries in his devotion to the study and practice of the Jewish religion. 6:9-10; Phil. You can ignore the wider context of Romans 9-11 and zero in on the pregnant statements in verse 9 (“If you confess with your lips that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart … Continue reading "Commentary on Romans 10:5-15" . Zeal of God may mean very great zeal, as cedars of God mean great cedars, according to a common Hebrew idiom; or zeal of which God is the object; the latter explanation is to be preferred. . Ибо думают они, что извинительно все, что совершается без предумышленного зла и даже с лучшими намерениями. . This was the zeal of the Saviour and of the apostles. . 3 For, being ignorant of d the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own, they did not submit to God’s righteousness. Being really excited about serving God, isn"t enough. . An unbelieving Jew could interpret his opposition to the lawless gospel of Paul as zeal for the divinely-given rule of life, and his opposition to the crucified Messiah as zeal for the divinely-given promises. . Romans 10:2. witness. . 10. to the Jew first--first in perdition if unfaithful; but if obedient to the truth, first in salvation ( Romans 2:10). But now whilst the apostle is expressing his strong affection for this people, he is careful to act the faithful part to them, and points out their mistakes, and shows them their faults; which he does in this and the following verse, by observing, that they had a zeal of God indeed. witness. For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God. He has expressed great compassion and sadness for them in this and the previous chapter. Romans 10:2. . (Calmet). For I bear them record — or, “witness,” as he well could from his own sad experience. Zeal of God, if it is not against Christ, is good.— οὐ κατʼ ἐπίγνωσιν, not according to knowledge) An example of Litotes [expressing in less strong terms a strong truth] i.e. Upon this the people went down in a body to Cæsarea, waited for five days and nights in the market-place, bared their necks to the soldiers that Pilate sent in among them, and did not desist until the order for the removal of the ensigns had been given. 1:13, 14; Флп. with great blindness; it agrees with the word, ignorant , in the next verse. . (Acts and Mon.) Before the captivity the people were prone to idolatry. Commentators notice that Paul uses the word ἐπίγνωσις. The reason for his desire and prayer is the fact to which he now bears his testimony. We see here that men may attend to religion, and be much occupied on the subject, without being acceptable to God; and that sincerity in error is neither a means of salvation nor an excuse for any man. confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord and believe in your heart. Some ancient rabbis taught that God … Romans 1:20-21 Commentary. When Paul says μαρτυρῶ, I bear them witness, he seems to be alluding to his conduct of other days, and to say: I know something of it, of that zeal! The fiercer the zeal, even for truth, when not regulated by the real principles of truth, the worse its excesses. . ἀλλʼ οὐ κατʼ ἐπίγνωσιν, ἄρτι γινώσκω ἐκ μέρους, The Jews had and now have a zeal without knowledge; we on the contrary, alas! Romans 9-11 must be interpreted together. Acts 22:3; Acts 26:9-11; Galatians 1:13-14). bear . As wonderful a gift as God's merciful forgiveness is, merely being forgiven through Christ's blood is not sufficient for salvation. οὐ γάρ ἐστι διαστ. 1 Therefore I urge you, brothers, by the mercies of God, to present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable (Greek: euareston—well-pleasing) to God, which is your spiritual (Greek: logiken—rational, genuine, true) service (Greek: latreian—service). 2. (See 1 Timothy 1:13). The Apostle had sorrow for their condemnation, not hope of their salvation on account of their sincerity and zeal. ʼΙουδ. . But in vain do they worship me, teaching as their doctrines the precepts of men (Matthew 15:6,9).SIZE>. Chapter 8. Romans 10:2 For I bear them witness that they have a zeal for God, but not according to knowledge. The great feasts were frequented by countless thousands . Therefore, there is now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus, 2 because through Christ Jesus the law of the Spirit who gives life has set you free from the law of sin and death (Rom 8:1-2)1 1. Scripture: Romans 10:13–21. Romans 10. A zeal of God - A zeal for God. Romans 1:16-17 Commentary. Context 2. A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the Epistle to the … Romans 10 – Israel’s Present Rejection of God A. Israel’s rejection of the gospel of salvation through Jesus Christ. Under an outward show of punctilious obedience, it concealed all the inward corruption described by the Apostle in Romans 2:17-29, the full extent of which was seen in the horrors of the great insurrection and the siege of Jerusalem. For as many as have sinned--not "as many as have sinned at all," but, "as many as are found in sin" at the judgment of the great day (as the whole context shows). 10. Justification must be seen for what it truly is: It is essential, but it is only the beginning of the salvation process. He alludes to this well-meaning of his people, notwithstanding their spiritual blindness, not certainly to excuse their rejection of Christ and rage against His saints, but as some ground of hope regarding them. 2. The apostle is desirous to say the best he could of his countrymen the Jews; he commends the good meaning of their zeal, but blames the ill conduct of it. Chapter 10. Chapter 2 Chapter 3. 45:22-25; Rom. Under an outward show of punctilious obedience, it concealed all the inward corruption described by the Apostle in Romans 2:17-29, the full extent of which was seen in the horrors of the great insurrection and the siege of Jerusalem. Chapter 11. This increases the paradox of Jew versus Gentile. Not what was founded on correct views of God and of religious truth. And it is this want of understanding which has spoiled the effects of this admirable zeal. It is the union of the two - the action of the man called forth to intense effort by just views of truth and by right feeling - that constitutes true religion. But all who act thus, of every nation, age, and description, must be reminded that the judgment of God will be according to their real character. Romans 1:32 Commentary. . Justice must be done to the heroic spirit of the Jews. . Romans 1:22-23 Commentary. (2) A zeal of God, but not according to knowledge.—It would be difficult to find a more happy description of the state of the Jews at this period. This had formerly been the case with himself, Acts 26:9; Galatians 1:14. ", "With what excessive zeal he had once burned (Acts 8:1; Acts 9:1). ", "but not according to knowledge"-"it is not an intelligent devotion" (Gspd); "not according to correct knowledge" (Rhm). . 3 For, being ignorant of the righteousness of God, and seeking to establish their own, they did not submit to God's righteousness. but not according to knowledge: it was not well regulated, it proceeded on mistaken principles, and moved in a wrong way, in persecuting the church of God, in doing things contrary to the name of Christ, in putting to death his ministers and members, thinking that hereby they did God good service; which arose from their ignorance of their Father, and of the Son: though they had a zeal of God, they knew neither God nor Christ aright; they did not know God in Christ, nor Jesus to be the true Messiah; they understood neither law nor Gospel truly, and fancied the Gospel was contrary to the law, and an enemy to it; and therefore in their great zeal opposed it, and the professors of it; they were zealous of the law, and of doing the commands of it, but knew not the true nature, use, and end of the law; as appears by what follows. 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